For the implementation of the Action Plan, the objectives and targets consistent with the issues addressed during the universal exhibition in Milan, EXPO2015, were selected. In particular, the following Objectives and Targets were selected:

End hunger, achieve food security, improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

Target 2.3

Double the agricultural productivity and income of small-scale food producers, particularly women, indigenous peoples, farming families, shepherds and fishermen, including through secure and equitable access to land, other resources and productive inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for added value and non-agricultural occupations

Target 2.4

Ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, which help protect ecosystems, strengthen capacity to adapt to climate change, extreme weather conditions, droughts, floods and other disasters and improve progressively soil quality

Target 2.5

Maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants, farm and domestic animals and related wild species, including through diversified seed banks and plants that are properly managed at national, regional and international level; promote access and fair and equitable sharing of benefits deriving from the use of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as agreed at international level

Target 2.a

Increase investments, also through the improvement of international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and training, technological development and the banks of plant and animal genes, in order to improve agricultural production capacity in developing countries, in particular the least developed countries

Provide quality, fair and inclusive education and learning opportunities for all

Target 4.4

To significantly increase the number of young people and adults with specific skills – even technical and professional – for employment, decent jobs and for entrepreneurship by 2030

Target 4.b

Expand the number of scholarships available to developing countries globally by 2020, especially in the least developed countries, small island states and African states, to ensure access to higher education – including vocational training, information and communication technologies and technical, engineering and scientific programs – in both developed and developing countries

Encouraging lasting, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

Target 8.4

Progressively improve, by 2030, global efficiency in consumption and in the production of resources and attempt to disconnect economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the ten-year framework of programs relating to production and sustainable consumption, with the most developed countries in first line

Target 8.9

Design and implement policies by 2030 to promote sustainable tourism that creates work and promotes local culture and products

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, durable and sustainable

Target 11.3

Strengthen inclusive and sustainable urbanization and the ability to plan and manage a participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement in all countries

Target 11.4

Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage

Target 11.6

Reduce the negative per capita environmental impact of cities, paying particular attention to air quality and the management of urban waste and other waste

Target 11.7

Provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible green and public spaces, particularly for women, children, the elderly and the disabled

Target 11.a

Support the positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning

Target 11.b

Significantly increase the number of cities and human settlements that adopt and implement integrated and plan policies aimed at inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, disaster resistance, and that promote and implement management holistic of the risk of disasters on all levels, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030

Guaranteeing sustainable production and consumption patterns

Target 12.2

Achieve sustainable management and efficient use of natural resource

Target 12.3

Halve global per capita food waste at the retail and consumer level and reduce food losses during production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses

Target 12.4

Achieve eco-compatible management of chemicals and all waste throughout their entire life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release into the air, water and soil to minimize their negative impact on human health and the environment

Target 12.5

Substantially reduce waste production through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse

Target 12.8

Ensure that all people, in every part of the world, have the relevant information and the right awareness of sustainable development and a lifestyle in harmony with nature

Target 12.a

Support developing countries in enhancing their scientific and technological capabilities, to achieve more sustainable consumption and production models

Target 12.b

Develop and implement tools to monitor the impacts of sustainable development on sustainable tourism, which creates jobs and promotes local culture and products

Promote actions, at all levels, to combat climate change

Target 13.1

Strengthen in all countries the resilience and adaptation to climate and natural disaster risks

Target 13.3

Improving education, awareness and human and institutional capacity with regards to climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning

Protect, restore and promote a sustainable use of the terrestrial ecosystem

Target 15.1

Guaranteeing the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of land and inland freshwater ecosystems as well as their services, particularly forests, swamps, mountains and arid areas, in line with the obligations arising from the agreements International

Target 15.2

Promote sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and significantly increase reforestation and reforestation everywhere

Target 15.3

Combat desertification, restore degraded lands, including those affected by desertification, droughts and floods, and strive for a world without soil degradation

Target 15.4

Ensuring the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to improve their ability to produce essential benefits for sustainable development

Target 15.5

Take effective and immediate actions to reduce the degradation of natural environments, stop the destruction of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect endangered species

Target 15.6

Promote a fair and equitable distribution of benefits deriving from the use of genetic resources and promote equitable access to these resources, as agreed at international level

Target 15.9

Integrate the principles of ecosystem and biodiversity into national and local projects, in development processes and strategies and reports for poverty reduction

Target 15.a

Mobilize and significantly increase economic resources from every source to preserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems

Strengthen the mensa of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

Target 17.16 

Strengthen the global partnership for sustainable development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, skills, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of sustainable development goals in all countries, especially developing countries

Target 17.17 

Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on partnership experience and resource strategies